The strong growth in digital payments over the past decade continued in 2021. The volume and value of fast payments reached record levels. Even so, digital payments have not yet fully replaced cash. Public demand for cash remains steady, both as a means of payment and as a safe haven. While the digitalisation of payments is a global trend, payment habits still differ across countries. Interoperability of payment systems within and between countries is key to ensuring that payments can be made seamlessly, regardless of the chosen payment method.